Author Topic: The Domesday Book and Wiltshire villages Caswells lived in.  (Read 53 times)

Michael Caswell

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The Domesday Book and Wiltshire villages Caswells lived in.
« on: December 21, 2019, 10:19:34 am »
Extracts from the Domesday Book
relevant to the villages inhabited by Caswells in Wiltshire
c 1066 ad

The land of Osbern Gifford
Osbern himself hold KELLAWAYS. Donna held it in TRE and it paid geld for 10 hides. There is land for 6 ploughs. Of this 9 hides are in demesne, and there are 3 ploughs and 4 slaves, and 2 villans and 4 corsets and 3 borders with 3 ploughs. There are 10 acres of meadows. It was worth 4 pounds, now 100/-

Ansfrid holds BECKHAMPTON of Gilbert. Eadric held in TRE and it paid geld for 2 hides. There is land for ploughs. Of this 1 hide is in demesne, and there are 2 ploughs. Of this 1 hide is in demesne. and there are 2 ploughs, and 4 villans and 7 borders and 3 cottars with 2 ploughs. There are 8 acres of meadow and 40 acres of pasture. it was and is worth 6 pounds.

Robert hold HILMARTON of Ernulf. Eskil held it in TRE and it paid geld for 1 hide. There is land for 1 plough, which (plough) is there, with 3 corsets. There i s a mill rendering 7/6 and 6 acres of meadow, and 1 acre of pasture, and 8 acres of woodland. it was worth 15/- now 30/-

Borel holds (E or W) Tytherton. Attic held it in TRE and it paid geld for 2 hides. There is land for 1 plough which (plough) is there, and 2 slaves, and 3 cotsets. There is the 4th part of a mill  rendering 20d and 6 acres of meadow. It was worth 10/- now 20/-

Edward the Sherrif has yearly the pence which belong to the shrievalty, 130 pigs and 32 sides of bacon of wheat, 2 motif and 8 sesters, and as much malt, of oats, 5 motif and 4 sesters, of honey, 16 sesters, or instead of honey 16/-,180 hens, 1600 eggs, 100 cheeses, 52 lambs, 240 fleeces of corn in the field 162 acres. He has also 80 pounds in value between the reeve land and what he has from it.When the reeve's farm falls short, Edward must make it up from his own resources.

Edward of Salisbury (above) held the following Wilcot, Alton Barnes, Etchilhampton, Heddington, Highworth, Ratfyn, Shrewton, Winterborn Stoke Orcheston North Tidworth, Ludgershall, Amesbury Hill Deverill Bradenstoke Chitterne, Buyton Bishopstrow, Middleton, Lacock, Rockley, Winterborne Earls

The church itself holds Bremhill TRE it paid geld for 38 hides. There is land for 30 ploughs. 0f this land 17 hides are in demesne, and there are 7 ploughs, and 12 slaves There are 32 villans and 13 bordars with 20 ploughs. There are 2 mills rendering 30/- and 12 acres of meadow, and woodland 2 leagues long and 2 furlongs broad. It was worth 14 pounds when the abbot received it, now 16 pounds.






The Domesday Book on Yatesbury

Here is what the famous Domesday Books says about our village:-

Etesburie, Owner = ALWI, tenant = Alured of Spain, Parish = 1600 acres

Alured of Spain holds Etesburie of the King. Alwi held it in the time of King Edward & it paid geld for 5 hides. The land is 4 caracutes. Of this there are 3 1/2 hides in demesne, and there are 2 caracutes & 2 serfs: & there are 7 bordars, & one 'miles' with 1 caracute. There are 20 acres of pasture, it was worth 3 pounds, it is now worth 4 pounds.

A caracute was the amount of land that could be ploughed in a year by 1 plough and 8 oxen.

A hide was generally defined the same way, or as 100 acres.

Land in demesne, was land held directly by the lord, or not held by a sub tenant. The 'Home Farm' of later times.

Extracts from the Domesday book from Devonshire

The King holds Kingskerswell TRE it paid geld for 1.5 hides. There is land for 17 ploughs. In demesne is 1 slough, and 3 slaves, and 16 villans, and 33 bordars with 16 ploughs. There are 9 acres of meadow and 20 acres of woodland. It renders 14 pounds (stirling) by weight. There is halt a virgate of land in (the hand's of) this manor's church.

The Church itself holds Abbotskerswell. TRE it paid geld for 1.5 hides. There is land for 8 ploughs In demesne are 2 ploughs, and 2 slaves, and 10 villans and 9 borders with 4 ploughs. There are 12 acres of meadow, pasture 5 furlongs in length and 30 acres in breadth, Andy woodland 12 furlongs in both length and breadth. It is worth 40s.

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